Endnotes

[1] “Smartphones Caught up in Congo War Controversy.” CBSNews.com. July 28 2010. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2010/07/26/tech/main6713863.shtml

[2] Mantz, Jeffrey. “Improvisational economies: Coltan production in the eastern Congo.” Social Anthropology / Anthropologie Sociale 16 (2008): 34-50.

[3] Schapiro, Mary L.. “Speech by SEC Chairman: Statement at SEC Open Meeting.” December 15, 2010.http://www.sec.gov/news/speech/2010/spch121510mls-2.htm

[4] Burge, Richard . “Coltan Mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo.” Flora & Fauna International Conservation Reports“.  2003, 11-20, www.gesi.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=PoQTN7xPn4c%3D&tabid=60.

[5]  Global Witness Report. “Faced with A Gun What can you do?” July 2009. http://www.globalwitness.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/report_en_final_0.pdf

[6]  Kean, Sam. “Blogging the Periodic Table.” Slate Magazine. August 3, 2010.http://www.slate.com/id/2258112/entry/225779

[7] Ma, T.  “China and Congo’s coltan connection” Futuregram 09-003, .2009. The Project 2049 Institute. 1.

[8] Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility-Office of Science Education, http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele074.html

[9] “Mineral Information Institute: Tin.” http://www.webcitation.org/5v1C3xwLJ

[10]  Kors, Joshua. “Blood Mineral.” Current science 95.9.  2010: 10.

[11] “CIA Factbook: Democratic Republic of Congo.”https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cg.htm

[12]&[13] Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges. “The International Dimensions of the Congo Crisis,” Global Dialogue, Vol. 6, No. 3-4.  (Summer-Autumn 2004).  pp. 116-126.

[14]  “Facts about the Mobile: A Journey Through Time.”http://www.mobilen50ar.se/eng/FaktabladENGFinal.pdf

[15] “BBC Mobile: Over 5 billion mobile phone connections worldwide.” July 9, 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10569081

[16] “Gartner Says More than 1 Billion PCs In Use Worldwide and Headed to 2 Billion Units by 2014 .” June 23, 2008. http://www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=703807

[17] “Nintendo Consolidated Financial Sheets.” 2010. http://www.nintendo.co.jp/ir/pdf/2010/101028e.pdf#page=9

[18] “Playstation 3 Worldwide Hardware Unit Sales.”http://www.scei.co.jp/corporate/data/bizdataps3_sale_e.html

[19] Nelson, Randy. “Joystiqc: Xbox 360 hits 50 million worldwide, Xbox Live users top 30 million.” January 5, 2011.http://www.joystiq.com/2011/01/05/xbox-360-hits-50-million-worldwide-xbox-live-users-top-30-mill

[20] “PRWEB: Global Digital Cameras Market to Exceed 138 Million Units by 2015, According to a New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc..” January 10, 2010. http://www.prweb.com/releases/2011/1/prweb8052218.htm

[21] Gahran, Amy. “Smartphone sales up 96 percent but still trail feature phones.” November 11, 2010. http://articles.cnn.com/2010-11-11/tech/smartphone.sales_1_smartphone-mobile-phone-feature-phones?_s=PM:TECH 417 million

[22]  EuroGamer:”PlayStation 2 ships over 150 million.” February 14, 2011.http://www.eurogamer.net/articles/2011-02-14-playstation-2-ships-over-150-million

[23] Global Witness Report. “Faced with A Gun What can you do?” July 2009.  http://www.globalwitness.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/report_en_final_0.pdf

[24]  Mining threatens Congo gorillas. Ecologist.  Vol. 34. February 2004. Issue 1, p8-8.

[25] UN Security Council, Final Report of the Panel of Experts (S/2003/1027), 23 October 2003, p. 5.

[26]  Mining threatens Congo gorillas. Ecologist.  Vol. 34. February 2004. Issue 1, 8.

[27]  Essick, Kristi. “Guns, Money and Cell Phones, ” The Industry Standard Magazine. June 2001. http://www.globalissues.org/article/442/guns-money-and-cell-phones. p. 11

[28]  Smith, James H. “Tantalus in the Digital Age: Coltan Ore, Temporal Dispossession, and “Movement” in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.” American Ethnologist 38.1.  2011. p. 18.

[31] Burge, Richard . “Coltan Mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo.” Flora & Fauna International Conservation Reports“.  2003, 11-20, www.gesi.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=PoQTN7xPn4c%3D&tabid=60.

[32] Essick, Kristi. “Guns, Money and Cell Phones, ” The Industry Standard Magazine. 11 June 2001. http://www.globalissues.org/article/442/guns-money-and-cell-phones

[33] ”Human rights in minerals mining in Central Africa.” February 14, 2011. http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/globalcitizenship/society/supplychain/minerals

[34] Howard, Hillary. “Steve Jobs Statement on Conflict Mineral.” NYTimes.com. June 30, 2010.  http://kristof.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/06/30/steve-jobs-statement-on-conflict-minerals/

[35]  Coster, Helen. “Does Your Cell Phone Contain “Conflict Minerals”?.” January 5, 2011.http://blogs.forbes.com/helencoster/2011/01/05/does-your-cell-phone-contain-conflict-minerals/

[36] Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering, Vol. 6, No.1, 2007.  Jmme.org.  pp 69-77.